No consensus exists on which works it encompasses and which authors made decisive contributions.
To a large degree, a particular ideological conception of Russian philosophy, of what constitutes its essential traits, has driven the choice of inclusions.
Church teachings had "accustomed" the Russian mind to accept doctrinaire revelation without criticism.
Unlike most other major nations, political events in Russia's history played large roles in shaping its periods of philosophical development.In turn, the various conceptions have led scholars to locate the start of Russian philosophy at different moments and with different individuals. Masaryk (1850-1937), a student of Franz Brentano's and later the first president of the newly formed Czechoslovakia.Masaryk, following the lead of a pioneering Russian scholar E.Radlov (1854-1928), held that Russian thinkers have historically given short shrift to epistemological issues in favor of ethical and political discussions.For Masaryk, even those who were indebted to the ethical teachings of Immanuel Kant (1724-1804), scarcely understood and appreciated his epistemological criticism, which they viewed as essentially subjectivistic.